One of the least romantic days of the year is Valentine's Day. On February 14th people across the country exchange gifts of candy, gifts and flowered with their wives, husbands loved ones and crush all in the name of St. Valentine. But so many people doesn’t know who is this mysterious saint and why do we celebrate Valentine day?
The history of Valentine's Day:
The history of St. Valentine's Day has two legends attached to it - the Protestant and the Catholic legend. Valentine's Day started from the time of the Roman culture. In earliest Rome, February 14th was a holiday to honor Juno. Juno was the Queen of the Roman Gods and Goddesses. The Romans also knew the Juno as the Goddess of marriage and love. Also she was know as the as the Goddess of woman.
The lives of young boys and girls were strictly separate. But, one of the customs of the young people was name drawing. On the eve of the festival of Lupercalia the names of Roman girls were written on slips of paper and put this slip into jars. Each young man would take one slip from this jar. Open this slip and the girl whose name in that slip is the partner of that boy for the duration of the festival. Sometimes the pairing of the children last an entire year, and sometime they would fall in love and finally they would married.
At that time the Claudius II was the leader of Rome. Under the rule of Claudius II Rome was involved in many bloody and unpopular campaigns. He was cruel. So he was having a difficult to getting soldiers to join his military. He believed that the reason for this difficulty was roman men did not want to leave their loves and families. So he was angry. Consequently, Claudius cancelled all marriages and engagements in Rome. At the time of Claudius II the Saint Valentine was a celebrant at Rome. Valentine, realized the injustice of the ruling. Seeing the trauma of young lovers, he met them in a secret place, and joined them in the sacrament of matrimony. He defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. But Claudius soon learned of this "friend of lovers," and had him under arrest. Before the Prefect of Rome Saint Valentine and Saint Marius was aid the Christian martyr and secretly married couples, and for this type of feat Saint Valentine was apprehended and dragged, who damned him to be firmed to death with clubs and to have his head cut off. He suffered martyrdom on the 14th day of February, around 270. At that time it was the routine in Rome, to celebrate in the month of February the Lupercalia, feast in honour of a heathen god. On these occasions, amidst a variety of pagan ceremonies, the names of young women were placed in a box, from which they were drawn by the men as chance directed.
On February 14, 270 AD, Valentine was executed. Valentine thus becomes a Patron Saint, and divine overseer of an annual festival. The festival involved young Romans offering women they admired, and wished to court, handwritten greetings of affection on February 14. The greeting cards acquired St.Valentine's name.
"For this was on St. Valentine's Day, When every fowl cometh there to choose his mate."